Shiraz In the text we find this proper noun spelled three different ways-a clear indication of some confusion on the part of the typesetters or editor. After consulting with Swetlana Geier, the masterful translator from Russian into German, I believe that Bely must be referring to the city of Shiraz, an important center as early as the 4th century BC, but it attained its greatest prestige as an Islamic cultural center from the late 7th century AD on. It was the capital of the Zand dynasty (1750-94). capital of the province of Fars, southwestern Iran, lies in a fold of the Zagros Mountains. In Section 33 Bely has spelled this word Siherach.

Assyrian is Assur: Assyria Greek word for Syria. Cf. Pape, I, 162

Sirius "the dog star, the bright one. A fixed star of the first magnitude, the chief of the constellation Canis Major, or Great Dog, and the brightest in the heavens; the dog star." OED, XV 549

Arouzis City in middle of Syria? Cf. Pape, I,142.

Siazour Assyrian city, Cf. Pape, II, 1379.

Ariseria Syrian city, Cf. Pape, I, 128..

Essa City in Syria, Cf. Pape, I, 395

Assa Greek for Moor. Cf. Pape, I, 161.

Asseros Cf. Pape, I, 161. Also Assoros

Penates Roman gods of the storeroom.

Tyre Also Sur, in Latin Tyrus and Hebrew Zor, a town in South Lebanon, on the Mediterranean Sea. Its name was first applied to a small island just off the coast, the site of the earliest settlement here. Tyre was the most important city of ancient Phoenicia. Herodotus, the Greek historian, records a tradition that traced the settlement of Tyre back to the 28th century BC. Pape confirms the names Zor, Sor, and Sour. I did not find Zir.

Zairi is -- gold (in Persian) Russian [zoloto], etc. The Indo-European root ghel- meaning to shine, shimmer also develops into color adjectives for yellow, green, gray or blue in many languages. See Pokorny, I, 429-431. Note the similarity of Russian words for gold [zoloto], yellow [zholto] and green [zeleno].Pape in his explanation of Zaretis (see below) says it comes from zare=aura=gold

Zorat ... Zaretis. Pape (I, 438) has Zaretis=Aurelia, a name for Artemis, meaning "golden" from zare=aur=gold.

Tsarevna, the Russian word derived from Tsar which in turn comes from Caesar.

Ormazd=Ahura-Mazda The supreme god of Zoroastrianism.

Zend-Avesta The sacred writings of Zoroastrianism.

Ahura-Mazda The supreme god of Zoroastrianism.

Zoroaster Persian prophet (628-551 BC) who receives a vision from Ahura Mazda.

Zare -- a Judean (in the dawn) [na zare]; Bely points to the Russian sounds in the word for "dawn" [zarya]. Russian [zarya] is related back to the root "to see."

Sepher (the book is sound of gold). The Sefer ha-zohar (The Book of Splendor), a key work in Jewish mysticism known as the Cabbala.

Zahar Is this the Zohar, the book of the Cabbala?

Ezekiel Hebrew prophet 6th Century BC.

Hosea Hebrew prophet 8th Century BC.

Isaiah Hebrew prophet 8th Century BC.

Chro-nos, Note the spelling of Chronos is Bely's attempt to keep the association with Christ vividly before our eyes.

Zeus Supreme god, son of Cronus and Rhea, husband of Hera

Zes = Zeus Cf. Pape, I, 446.

Zas = Zeus Cf. Pape, I, 438,

Zoe = Zoun name for females. Pape, I, 447,448

Iassis form of Iasos. Cf. Pape, I, 530,

Isos Cf. Pape, I, 575,

Souzas an Egyptian. Pape, II, 1473).

Souzas cf. Pape, II, 1469

Souos, cf. Pape, II, 1473.

Sousis an Egyptian Pharaoh (Pape, II, 1475).

Seis In Pape this form is not found. there are three other possible words: Seisas, Shia, Seios.

"Chrisaor" Chrysaor the man with the Golden sword, son of Poseidon and Medusa. Latin chrysus means "gold." Russian does not distinguish between the Greek letters traditionally rendered in English as "i" and "y." This permits for the constant association between "gold" and "Christ."

Chrysor is Vulcan; The Roman God of Fire

Apollo is Chrysios. God of sunlight, music, poetry.

Demeter Goddess of corn, daughter of Cronus and Rhea and mother of Persephone.

Hephaestus God of fire, related by the Romans to Vulcan.

Poseidon God of the seas

Persephone called Proserpine by the Romans. Daughter of Demeter.

Apollo Musagetes Apollo Leader of the Muses

Erekhpheus = Poseidon Cf. Pape, I, 377.

Phersephassa = Persephone Cf. Pape, II, 1611.

Khefaist not found, but presumably an alternate form for Hephaestus.

Erizafej not found

Akhfeia = Demeter. Cf. Pape, I, 186.