Müller in Lectures (287-288) compares ploughing and rowing.
aritra Sanskrit for "rudder."
oar English. Another typographical error.
eretes Greek "rower"
Muller is also the source for this discussion of the word Aryan in Indo-European. (Lectures, 266 ff.) Max Mueller is cited in the OED for the entry on Aryan, Arian a. and n.[f. Sanskrit arya, in the later language "noble, of good family," but apparently in earlier use a national name comprising the worshippers of the gods of the Brahmans (Max Mueller); cf. Zend airya "venerable,"also a national name, and Old Persian, ariya national name (applied to himself by Darius Hystaspes); whence probably Greek and Latin for the eastern part of ancient Persia, and Pehlevi and mod.Pers. Iran (Persia). As a transl. of L. Arianus "of Aria or Ariana," Arian has long been in English use: Aryan is of recent introduction in Comparative Philology, and is also by many written Arian, on the ground that aria was the original word, as shown by the Vedic language, arya being only the later Sanskrit form; the spelling Aryan has the advantage of distinguishing the word from Arian in Eccl. Hist. Arya-Avarta
Zend-Avest Sacred writings of the Parsees, the Persians who fled to India to escape persecution.
Darius. Mueller, Lectures, 270-271. "That Aryan was used as a title of honor in the Persian empire is clearly shown by the cuneiform inscriptions of Darius. He calls himself Ariya. . ."
rb --rabota in Russian is "work." I have translated it as "labor" to preserve the sounds of rb.
brawl Russian [bor'ba] can mean "struggle, fighting, wrestling." The English word "brawl" retains the sounds "b" and "r" that are important sound elements of the text.
Arbeit German "work."
raby Russian "slaves."
belabored The actual Russian [poraboshchennye] means "enslaved." Carl Darling Buck, A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages, Chicago: 1949, 539 ff. makes an explicit connection between some of the words for "work" and "slavery." Indo-European has two developments- -- one is related to Latin opus, labor, opera, the other to the Greek ergon. See below.
khrabrye Russian "brave."
org-erg *er-: or-: r sich in Bewegung setzen (put in to motion) (Pokorny, I, 326.)
energy Latin energia, from Greek energeia activity, from energos active, en + ergon "more at work."
orgy English word originally connected with secret rites or ceremonies in worship of the deities.
ergon Greek work
ecstasy Russian [vostorg]
bhar- See Pokorny *bher- tragen, bringen (carry, bring) (I,128, 129).
bharami Brugmann (71).
wr Pokorny (I, 1152-1154) *uer- "drehen, biegen" (to twirl, turn). The English words "to vert" vertex, vertigo, relate back to this root.
Atharva-veda (Athara veda) part of the sacred writings of the Hindus. The Athara-veda contained spells, chants and charms.
Max Müller, Lectures on the Science of Language.