References and Selected Annotated Bibliography:
Audley-Charles, M.G. (1982). Geologic History of the Region of Wallace's Line. In T.C. Whitmore (ed.) (1981). Wallace's Line and Plate Tectonics. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Audley-Charles, M.G. (1988). Evolution of the Southern Margin of Tethys (North Australian Region) from Early Permian to late Creataceous. In M.G. Audley-Charles & A. Hallam (eds.) (1988). Godwana and Tethys. Geological Society Special Publication No. 37. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Benzie, John A. H. (1999). Genetic structure of coral reef organisms: ghosts of dispersal past. American Zoologist. 39:131-45. The data on gene flow in corals of southeast Asia "suggests that present patterns of genetic variation in the Indo-Pacific have resulted from highly pulsed dispersal events associated with range expansion during interglacial periods. Thus, population genetic structure appears to be dominated by events associated with global climate change and sea level fluctuation during the last 1-3 million years, rather than vicariant geological events in the early Caenozaic. Regional speciation outside the tropical Indo-West Pacific and movement of these species into that region may have played a more important role in producing diversity in that region than traditionally recognised."
Burrett, C., Duhig, N. Berry, R. &Varne, R. (1991). Asian and South-western Pacific Continetal Terranes Derived from Gondwana, and Their Biogeographic Significance. In P.Y. Ladiges, C.J. Humphries & L.W. Martinelli (eds.) (1991). Austral Biogeography. CSIRO, Australia.
Hooijer, D.A. (1975).Quartenary mammals west and east of Wallace's Line. Neth. J. Zool. 25:46-56.
McManus, J.W. (1985).Marine speciation, tectonics, and sea-level changes in southeast Asia. Proceedings of the 5th International Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti. 4:133-138. McManus states that the "high diversity in land and sea is a result of three major factors: the overlap of independently evolved species ranges (Asian and Australian biotas, separated by the Wallace line), high rates of local speciation, and differentially high survival among temporally and spatially heterogeneous habitats."
National Geographic (1998).Millenium in Maps:Physical Earth. National Geographic Society, Washington D.C. March 1998.
Scotese, C.R. Paleomap project. Univ. of Texas at Austin. http://www.scotese.com/indianim.html. The Paleomap Project has created online animations of the movement of continents over the last 200 million years.
Severin, Timothy. The Spice Islands Voyage: The Quest for Alfred Wallace, the Man Who Shared Darwin's Discovery of Evolution. Caroll & Graf. 1998. The author gives a description of Alfred Wallace's travels through Indonesia, and - retracing Wallace's journey - he discusses the differences that have occurred over the last hundred years.
Oosterzee, Penny. Where Worlds Collide: The Wallace Line. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell
University Press. 1997. The author gives evidence for the formation of the Wallace
Line. She provides historical information on his travels and his systematic
evidence for evolution and biogeography. She also gives a very thorough description
of the plate tectonics involved in bringing the previously separated regions
of Asia and Australia together, and the volcanic activity that resulted in many
of the islands of that region.
Veevers, J.J., and R.C. Tewari, eds. Gondwana master basin of peninsular India between Tethys and the interior of the Gondwanaland province of Pangea. Boulder, Colo: Geological Society of America, 1995. Science Library: QE571 .G66 1995.
Wallace, Alfred Russel (1859). On the Zoological Geography of the Malay Archipelago. Ibis 1:449-54
Wallace, Alfred Russel (1869). The Malay Archipelago: The Land of the Orang-utan and the bird of paradise. Macmillan, London
Wallace, Alfred Russel (1876). The Geographical Distribution of Animals, Vol. 1. Macmillan, London.
Wilkinson, C.R. et al. (1993). Status of coral reefs in southeast Asia: threats and responses. In: Global Aspects of Coral Reefs: Health, Hazards, and History. Univ. of Miami, Rosenthal School of Marine and Atmospheric Science. p.p. J33-39. The authors predict that there will be a complete destruction of southeast Asian coral reefs by 2030. This will be a result of anthropogenic stresses in the form of pollution, sedimentation, and direct coral destruction. These stresses will get much worse as populations in this area continue to rise.