Unit 1: Studying International Politics


Topic 1: Introductory


Class 1: Introduction to and Overview of the Course

(Tuesday, February 14) Slides | Audio
  • Read this Course Site
  • Carefully Read Course Policies
  • Recommended: Keohane, Robert. “Political Science as a Vocation.” PS: Political Science & Politics 42, no. 2 (2009): 359-363. Available via: http://journals.cambridge.org/article_S1049096509090489

Topic 2: Approaching International Politics: Conceptions of the International System


Class 2: Classical Realism

(Thursday, February 16) Slides | Audio
  • Thucydides. “The Melian Dialogue,” In History of the Peloponnesian War. [431 B.C.E.] Book V, Chapters 84-116. (6 pp). Available via Eres.
  • Thomas Hobbes, “On the Natural Condition of Mankind,” Part I, Chapter XIII of Leviathan [1651]. (6 pp) Available via: http://etext.library.adelaide.edu.au/h/h68l/chapter13.html
  • Hedley Bull, “Hobbes and the International Anarchy,” Social Research 48, no. 4 (Winter 1981): 720-22, 725-29, 736-37 only. (7 pp)
  • Carr, Edward Hallett. The Twenty Years’ Crisis, 1919-1939: An Introduction to the Study of International Relations. 2nd ed. London: Macmillan & Co., 1946. Ch 5. (26 pp)

Class 3: Realism: Modern Approaches

(Tuesday, February 21) Slides | Audio
  • Waltz, Kenneth Neal. Theory of International Politics. Reading: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1979. Ch 6, pp 102-104, 111-128. (19 pp)
  • Mearsheimer, John J. The Tragedy of Great Power Politics. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 2001. Ch 1: “Introduction.” (30 pp)
  • Jervis, Robert. “Cooperation under the Security Dilemma.” (In Mingst & Snyder.) (13 pp)

Class 4: Liberalism: Cooperation and Institutions in the International System

(Wednesday, February 22, 6:00 PM, Gifford Lct) Slides | Audio
  • Keohane, Robert O. After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984. Chs 4-5. (38 pp)
  • Robert Axelrod and Robert O. Keohane, “Achieving Cooperation under Anarchy: Strategies and Institutions,” World Politics 38:1 (Oct. 1985), pp. 226-254. (28 pp)

-- Afternoon Discussions to Meet Monday, 27 February, 6:00, 6:50, & 7:40 PM (MBH 331) --

Class 5: Domestic Politics Approaches

(Tuesday, February 28) Slides | Audio
  • Bruce Russett, Controlling the Sword: The Democratic Governance of National Security (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990), pp. 20-51. (31 pp)
  • Rogowski, Ronald. “Commerce and Coalitions: How Trade Affects Domestic Political Alignments.” (In Frieden & Lake.) (8 pp)
  • Bailey, Michael, Judith Goldstein, and Barry Weingast. “The Institutional Roots of American Trade Policy: Politics, Coalitions, and International Trade.” World Politics 49, no. 3 (1997): 309-38. (20 pp)

Class 6: Ideas and Culture in the International System

(Thursday, March 1) Slides | Audio
  • Wendt, Alexander. “Anarchy Is What States Make of It: The Social Construction of Power Politics.” International Organization 46, no. 2 (1992): 391-425. Just read pp 391-403, 412-418. (18 pp)
  • Katzenstein, Peter J. “Introduction: Alternative Perspectives on National Security.” In The Culture of National Security: Norms and Identity in World Politics, edited by Peter J. Katzenstein, 1-32. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. (32 pp)
  • Goldstein, Judith, and Robert O. Keohane. “Ideas & Foreign Policy: An Analytical Framework.” In Ideas & Foreign Policy: Beliefs, Institutions, and Political Change, edited by Judith Goldstein and Robert O. Keohane, 3-30. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1993. (27 pp)

Unit 2: War and Peace


Topic 3: Theories about War and Peace


Class 7: General Theories of International Conflict

(Tuesday, March 6) Slides | Audio
  • Clausewitz, Carl von. “War as an Instrument of Policy.” (In Mingst & Snyder.) (4 pp)
  • Schelling, Thomas. “The Diplomacy of Violence.” (In Mingst & Snyder.) (7 pp)
  • Fearon, James. “Rationalist Explanations for War.” International Organization 49 (1995): 379-414. (Skim to get main arguments. Don’t worry about the math.) (35 pp)
  • Waltz, Kenneth Neal. Man, the State, and War; a Theoretical Analysis. New York: Columbia University Press, 1959. Ch 4: “The Second Image: International Conflict and the Internal Structure of States.” (43 pp)

Class 8: The Democratic Peace: Institutions and Norms as Determinants of Conflict

  • Kant, Immanuel. “To Perpetual Peace.” (In Mingst & Snyder.) (4 pp)
  • Doyle, Michael. “Liberalism and World Politics.” (In Mingst & Snyder.) (13 pp)
  • Bruce Russett. Grasping the Democratic Peace: Principles for a Post-Cold War World. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993. Chs 1-2. (40 pp)
  • Henry S. Farber and Joanne Gowa, “Polities and Peace,” International Security 20, no. 2 (Fall 1995): 123-146. (23 pp)

Class 9: Grow or Die: An Imperialist Impulse

(Tuesday, March 13) Slides | Audio
  • Lenin, V. I. Selections from Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism. (6 pp)
  • Pagden, Anthony. “Imperialism, Liberalism, and the Quest for Perpetual Peace.” (9 pp)
  • Snyder, Jack L. Myths of Empire: Domestic Politics and International Ambition. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991. Ch 1: “The Myth of Security through Expansion.” (20 pp)
  • Recommended: J. A. Hobson. “Imperialism: A Study,” in Harrison Wright, ed., The “New Imperialism”: Analysis of Late Nineteenth Century Expansion, 2nd ed. [1902] (Lexington, MA: Heath, 1976), pp. 8-39. (31 pp)

Class 10: “The Savage Wars of Peace” — Universalism, Sovereignty, & Foreign Intervention

(Thursday, March 15) Slides | Audio
  • Burke, Edmund. “First Letter on a Regicide Peace.” 1796. Para. 3.1.1-3.1.20; and Note 60. (11 pp) Available via: http://www.econlib.org/Library/LFBooks/Burke/brkSWv3c1.html
  • Kipling, Rudyard. “The White Man’s Burden: The United States and the Philippine Islands.”[1899] Available (with useful background) via: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Man%27s_Burden
  • Sen, Amartya. “Universal Truths: Human Rights and the Westernizing Illusion.” (In Mingst & Snyder.) (3 pp)
  • Luttwack, Edward. “Give War a Chance.” Foreign Affairs (1999).
  • Power, Samantha. “Bystanders to Genocide: Why the United States Let the Rwandan Tragedy Happen.” (In Mingst & Snyder.) (19 pp)
  • Recommended: Ignatieff, Michael. “The Attack on Human Rights.” (In Mingst & Snyder.) (8 pp)

Topic 4: Case Studies


Class 11: World War I

(Tuesday, March 20) Slides | Audio
  • Gordon, M. “Domestic Conflict and the Origins of the First World War: The British and German Cases,” Journal of Modern History 46, (1974): 191-226. (35 pp)
  • Van Evera, Stephen. “The Cult of the Offensive and the Origins of the First World War.” International Security 9:1 (Summer 1984), pp. 58-107. Skim to get main argument. (49 pp)
  • Sagan, Scott D. “1914 Revisited: Allies, Offense, and Instability.” International Security 11, no. 2 (1986): 151-75. (24 pp)

—10:00 PM, Wednesday, 21 March: Essay 1 Due—


Class 12: World War II: The Twenty Years’ Crisis in Europe

(Thursday, March 22) Slides | Audio
  • Allan Bullock, “Hitler and the Origins of the Second World War,” in Wm. Roger Louis, ed., The Origins of the Second World War: A. J. P. Taylor and His Critics (New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1972), pp. 117-45. (28 pp)
  • “The Hossbach Memorandum,” in Documents on German Foreign Policy 1918-1945, series D, vol. 1 (Washington: United States Government Printing Office), pp. 29-39. (10 pp)
  • Hitler, Adolph. “On National Socialism and World Relations.” A speech delivered in the German Reichstag, January 30, 1937. (30 pp)
  • Hitler, Adolph. Three Years’ Struggle for Peace. Parts of speeches given by Hitler assembled by the Nazi party. Released September 9, 1935. Available via: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e2qvN0iyvr8

- March 27 & 29: Spring Break! -

Class 13: World War II: The War in the East

(Tuesday, April 3) Slides
  • Scott D. Sagan, “The Origins of the Pacific War,” Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol.XVIII, No. 4 (Spring 1988), pp. 893-922. (29 pp)
  • Memoranda from Japanese Imperial Conference, September 1941. Appendices 3, 4, & 5. (7 pp)

Class 14: The Cold War: East versus West

(Thursday, April 5) Slides | Audio
  • Kennan, George. “Long Telegram.” Moscow, February 22, 1946. (10 pp) Available via:http://www.ntanet.net/KENNAN.html
  • Kennan, George. “The Sources of Soviet Conduct.” [1947] (In Mingst & Snyder.) (4 pp)
  • Excerpts from “NSC-68: United States Objectives and Programs for National Security.” April 14, 1950. (10 pp) Available via: http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/mjacobs/Amh2020Fall02/NSC-68.html
  • John Lewis Gaddis, “NSC-68 and the Korean War,” in Strategies of Containment. 1982. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 89-126. (37 pp)
  • Eisenhower, Dwight D. Remarks from News Conference in which Domino Theory Principle was Presented. April 7, 1954. (5 pp) Available via: http://coursesa.matrix.msu.edu/~hst203/documents/domino.html
  • Recommended: Jerome Slater, “The Domino Theory and International Politics: The Case of Vietnam,” Security Studies, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Winter 1993/94), pp. 186-224. (38 pp)

- March 29 & 31: Spring Break! -

Class 15: Nuclear Weapons and the Cold War

(Tuesday, April 10) Slides | Audio
  • Brodie, Bernard. “Implications for Military Policy.” In The Absolute Weapon: Atomic Power and World Order, edited by Bernard Brodie, 70-110. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1946. Just read pp 70-83 (13 pp)
  • Kennedy, John F. Address to the Nation. October 22, 1962. (15 pp) Text and MP3 available via: http://www.jfklibrary.org/Historical+Resources/JFK+in+History/Cuban+Missile+Crisis.htm
  • Waltz, Kenneth. “Peace, Stability, and Nuclear Weapons.” In Art & Jervis, eds., International Politics: Enduring Concepts and Contemporary Issues. (New York: Addison-Wesley, 2003), pp 448-461. (1o pp)
  • Jervis, Robert. “The Utility of Nuclear Deterrence.” In Art & Jervis, eds., International Politics: Enduring Concepts and Contemporary Issues. (New York: Addison-Wesley, 2003), pp 221-29. (8 pp)
  • Mueller, John. ‘The Essential Irrelevance of Nuclear Weapons: Stability in the Postwar World,’ in The Cold War and After: Prospects for Peace. (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1997), pp. 45-69. (24 pp)
  • Recommended: Marc Trachtenberg, “The Influence of Nuclear Weapons in the Cuban Missile Crisis,” International Security 10 (Summer 1985), pp. 137-63. (26 pp)

Unit 3: International Political Economy


Topic 5: IPE Issue Areas


Class 16: Models of Trade Policy

(Thursday, April 12) Slides | Audio
  • Grieco & Ikenberry. State Power and World Markets. New York: WW Norton, 2003. Ch 2:“The Economics of International Trade.” (38 pp)
  • Barton, et al. The Evolution of the Trade Regime: Politics, Law, and Economics of the GATT and the WTO. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006. Ch 1. “Political Analysis of the Trade Regime.” (26 pp)
  • Re-read: Rogowski, Ronald. “Commerce and Coalitions: How Trade Affects Domestic Political Alignments.” (In Frieden & Lake.) (8 pp)
  • Recommended: Alt, J. E. & M. Gilligan. “The Political Economy of Trading States: Factor Specificity, Collective Action Problems, and Domestic Political Institutions.” (In Frieden & Lake.) (15 pp)

Class 17: Bringing People to Capital and Capital to People

(Tuesday, April 17) Slides | Audio
  • Kapur, Devesh and John McHale, “Migration’s New Payoff,” Foreign Policy (November/December 2003): 49-57. (8 pp)
  • Huntington, Samuel P. “The Hispanic Challenge.” Foreign Policy (2004): 30-45. (15 pp)
  • Borjas, George J. “The Economic Benefits from Immigration.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 9, no. 2 (1995): 3-22.
  • Strange, Susan. “States, Firms and Diplomacy.” (In Frieden & Lake.) (7 pp)
  • Recommended: Caves, Richard. “The Multinational Enterprise as an Economic Organization.” (In Frieden & Lake.) (10 pp)

—10:00 PM, Wednesday, 18 April: Essay 2 Due—


Class 18: The International Monetary System

(Thursday, April 19) Slides | Audio
  • Grieco & Ikenberry, Ch 3: “The Economics of International Money and Finance.” (34 pp)
  • Frieden, Jeffry A. “Exchange Rate Politics.” (In Frieden & Lake.) (12 pp)
  • Eichengreen, Barry J. “Hegemonic Stability Theories of the International Monetary System.” (In Frieden & Lake.) (24 pp)
  • Recommended: Eichengreen, Barry J., and Marc Flandreau. “Introduction.” In The Gold Standard in Theory and History, edited by Barry J. Eichengreen and Marc Flandreau, 1-30. London: Routledge, 1997. (30 pp)

Topic 6: An IPE Case


Class 19: The Mexican Case: NAFTA, Crisis, and Bailout

(Tuesday, April 24) Slides | Audio
  • Clinton, Bill. Remarks Concerning the Signing of the NAFTA Agreement. December 8th, 1993. Available via: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b3ooMrgXido
  • Krugman, Paul. “Dutch Tulips and Emerging Markets.” Foreign Affairs, 74(4), 1995.
  • Krueger, Anne O. “NAFTA’s Effects: A Preliminary Assessment.” The World Economy 23, no. 6 (2000): 761-75.
  • Edwards, Sebastian. “The Mexican Peso Crisis: How Much Did We Know? When Did We Know It?” The World Economy, January 1998, 21 (1):1-26.
  • DeLong, J. Bradford, Christopher L. DeLong, and Sherman Robinson. “In Defense of Mexico’s Rescue.” Foreign Affairs 75, no. 6 (1996): 8-17.

Unit 4: International Organization


Class 20: The United Nations

(Thursday, April 26) Slides | Audio
  • The Charter of the United Nations. June 26, 1945. (Just skim this document.) Available via: http://www.un.org/aboutun/charter/index.html
  • The United Nations. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. December 10, 1948. http://www.un.org/Overview/rights.html
  • The United Nations. UN in Brief. Available via: http://www.un.org/Overview/uninbrief/
  • Fortna, Virginia Page. “Interstate Peacekeeping: Causal Mechanisms and Empirical Effects.” World Politics 56, no. 4 (2004): 481-519. (38 pp)
  • Ban Ki-moon. “Reforming the United Nations.” 2008. (Skim this report.) Available via: http://www.un.org/reform/

Class 21: International Legal Organization

(Tuesday, May 1) Slides | Audio
  • Abbott, Kenneth. “International Relations Theory, International Law and the Regime Governing Atrocities in Internal Conflicts.” American Journal of International Law 93, no. 2 (1999): 361-79. (18 pp)
  • Simmons, Beth A., and Daniel Hopkins. “The Constraining Power of International Treaties.” American Political Science Review 99, no. 4 (2005): 623-31. (8 pp)
  • Carty, Anthony. “The Iraq Invasion as a Recent United Kingdom ‘Contribution to International Law’.” European Journal of International Law 16, no. 1 (2005): 143-51. (8 pp)

Unit 5: Contemporary Issues in the International System


Class 22: The Environment

(Thursday, May 3) Slides | Audio
  • Malthus, T. R. Essay on the Principle of Population. [1798] Bk I, Chs 1-3; Bk IV, Ch VIII. (27 pp) Available via: http://www.econlib.org/library/malthus/malPlong.html
  • Garrett Hardin, “The Tragedy of the Commons,” Science 162 (Dec. 1968), pp. 1243-1248. (5 pp)
  • Butler, Allison. “Environmental Protection and Free Trade: Are They Mutually Exclusive?” (In Frieden & Lake.) (12 pp)
  • Parks, Bradley C., and J. Timmons Roberts. “Globalization, vulnerability to climate change, and perceived injustice.” Society and Natural Resources 19 (4): 337-355. (19 pp)
  • Thomas C. Schelling, “What Makes Greenhouse Sense?” Foreign Affairs 81:3, (May/June 2002). (5 pp) Available via: http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20020501facomment8138/thomas-c-schelling/what-makes-greenhouse-sense.html

Class 23: Terrorism and the War on Terror

(Tuesday, May 8) Slides | Audio
  • Huntington, “The Clash of Civilizations?” (In Mingst & Snyder.) (6 pp)
  • David Lake, “Rational Extremism: Understanding Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century,” Dialog IO 1:1 (January 2002), pp. 15-29. (14 pp)
  • Bush, George W. Address to a Joint Session of Congress and the American People, September 20, 2001. (Available on Eres.)
  • Bush, George W. “The National Security Strategy of the United States of America.” (In Mingst & Snyder.) (8 pp)
  • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, “An Unnecessary War,” Foreign Policy, (January/February 2003), pp. 51-59. (8 pp)
  • Steinfels, Peter. “A Day to Think About a Case of Faith-Based Terrorism.” New York Times, November 5, 2005. Available via: http://www.nytimes.com/2005/11/05/national/05beliefs.html
  • Guy Fawkes Rhyme. Available (with background) via: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guy_Fawkes_Night
  • Recommended: Abrahms, Max. “Why Terrorism Does not Work.” (In Mingst & Snyder.) (17 pp)
  • Recommended: Pape, “The Logic of Strategic Terrorism.” (In Mingst & Snyder.) (9 pp)

Class 24: Understanding and Evaluating Globalization

(Thursday, May 10) Slides | Audio
  • Milner, Helen V. “Globalization, Development, and International Institutions.” (In Mingst & Snyder.) (16 pp)
  • Wolf, Martin. Selections from Why Globalization Works. (In Mingst & Snyder.) (25 pp)
  • Naím, Moisés. “The Five Wars of Globalization.” (In Mingst & Snyder.) (7 pp)
  • Krugman, Paul. “In Praise of Cheap Labor: Bad Jobs at Bad Wages Are Better Than No Jobs at All.” Slate, March 20 1997. (3 pp)
  • Stiglitz, Joseph E. Globalization and Its Discontents. New York: W.W. Norton, 2003. Ch 1. (20 pp)
  • Rodrik, “Sense and Nonsense in the Globalization Debate.” (In Frieden & Lake.) (9 pp)
  • Recommended: Williamson, Jeffrey. “Globalization and Inequality, Past and Present.” (In Frieden & Lake.) (11 pp)

—5:30 PM, Monday, 14 May: Exam Posted (Here)—

—10:00 PM, Friday, 18 May: Final Exam Due—